Bernese Mountain Dog ^NEW^
The degenerative myelopathy ismostly caused by a mutation in superoxid dismutase 1 gene (SOD1A). This mutation replacesnucletiode G with nucletiode A (c.118G>A) within the coding region of the SOD1 gene. The superoxide dismutase I is a generally problematic gene in which 160various mutations have already been identified (Crisp et al., 2013). Contraryto other dog breeds, the Bernese mountain dogs that are dominantly homozygousfor this gene and should be theoretically healthy may die of this disease. Ithas been discovered that in this breed the disease can be caused by othermutation in SODI gene (SODI B). This mutation replaces thenucleotide A with the nucletiode T (c.52A>T) and is muchmore rarely than the mutation and occurs only in Bernese Mountain dogs.
bernese mountain dog
The Bernese Mountain Dog is a striking, tri-colored, large dog. He is sturdy and balanced. He is intelligent, strong and agile enough to do the draft and droving work for which he was used in the mountainous regions of his origin.
The Bernese Mountain Dog originated in the mountainous regions of Switzerland in the early 18th century and was used for droving, guarding, and draft work. The Berner is still often seen pulling carts in drafting events around the country. They are a large breed that can be slow to mature, so strenuous activity must be limited during their growth period. The Bernese has an average lifespan of 7-9 years and is known to suffer from some common conditions such as hip or elbow dysplasia, bloat, and cancer.
The Bernese mountain dog stands 23 to 27.5 inches (about 58 to 70 centimeters) tall at the shoulders and weighs about 88 pounds (40 kilograms). It has a broad chest and a long, silky, black coat with rust-colored spots on the chest and forelegs and over the eyes. It has white hair on the chest, nose, tail tip, and, sometimes, the feet. The ears are set high on the head but are long enough to hang down the side of the head. The eyes are oval and dark brown. The tail is full and bushy. It is carried low and curving when the dog is relaxed.
Bernese mountain dogs were used on Swiss farms to pull carts and to guide cattle to and from their pastures. They are working dogs and like to be active. They also like to be around people and can be very affectionate. 041b061a72